Matn Al-ghayat Wa Al-taqrib Pdf 19
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Matn Al-ghayat Wa Al-taqrib Pdf 19
Matn Al-ghayat Wa Al-taqrib: A Classic Introduction to Islamic Law
Matn Al-ghayat Wa Al-taqrib is a concise and comprehensive manual of Islamic law according to the Shafi'i school of jurisprudence. It was written by Abu Shuja' al-Asfahani (d. 488 AH/1095 CE), a renowned jurist and teacher of the Shafi'i madhhab. The book covers the basic topics of Islamic law, such as ritual purity, prayer, fasting, charity, pilgrimage, marriage, divorce, inheritance, criminal law, and commerce. It also includes the full Arabic text and notes to point out where later Shafi'i jurists have differed from the author, Imam al-Nawawi's preferences, and minor clarifications and explanations.
The book is widely used as a primer for students of Islamic law and a reference for scholars and jurists. It has been translated into several languages, including English by Musa Furber in 2013. The English translation is titled The Ultimate Conspectus: Matn al-Ghayat wa al-Taqrib and is published by Islamosaic. The translation aims to make the book accessible to modern readers while preserving the original meaning and style of the author.
Matn Al-ghayat Wa Al-taqrib is a valuable resource for anyone who wants to learn about the principles and practices of Islamic law according to the Shafi'i school. It is also a testament to the rich legacy of Abu Shuja' al-Asfahani and his contribution to the development and dissemination of Islamic knowledge.The Shafi'i school of Islamic law is one of the four major schools of jurisprudence within Sunni Islam. It was founded by Muhammad ibn Idris al-Shafi'i (d. 204 AH/820 CE), a student of Malik ibn Anas and a descendant of the Prophet Muhammad's companion Abu Bakr. The Shafi'i school is based on the Quran, the Sunnah (the teachings and actions of the Prophet Muhammad), the consensus of the Muslim scholars (ijma'), and the analogical reasoning (qiyas).
The Shafi'i school is known for its emphasis on the use of hadith (the reports of the Prophet Muhammad's sayings and deeds) as a primary source of Islamic law. Al-Shafi'i was the first jurist to systematically compile and categorize the hadith according to their authenticity and relevance. He also developed the principles and methods of legal interpretation and deduction that are still followed by his followers today.
The Shafi'i school is widely spread across the Muslim world, especially in Egypt, Yemen, Somalia, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, Sri Lanka, Maldives, and parts of India, Pakistan, Syria, Iraq, Iran, and Palestine. It has produced many prominent scholars and jurists throughout history, such as al-Nawawi, al-Ghazali, al-Juwayni, al-Razi, al-Bayhaqi, Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, and Ibn Kathir.Al-Shafi'i was a remarkable scholar and jurist who had a profound influence on the development of Islamic law and theology. He was born in Gaza in 767 CE, but moved to Mecca with his mother when he was a child. He belonged to the Qurayshi tribe of Banu Muttalib, which was related to the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and the Abbasid caliphs. He memorized the Quran at an early age and studied Arabic poetry and language with the Bedouins. He also learned the traditions of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) from various sources, including his maternal grandfather, who was a companion of the Prophet.
Al-Shafi'i travelled extensively to seek knowledge from the leading scholars of his time. He studied with Imam Malik ibn Anas in Medina, who was the founder of the Maliki school of law. He also studied with Muhammad al-Shaybani in Baghdad, who was a prominent student of Imam Abu Hanifa, the founder of the Hanafi school of law. Al-Shafi'i also visited Yemen, where he became involved in a political dispute that led to his arrest and imprisonment by the caliph Harun al-Rashid. He was later released and pardoned by the caliph.
Al-Shafi'i settled in Egypt, where he established his own school of law and theology. He