Beach And Clouds
As summer comes to a close, let's take a moment to remember the DDT beach parties of the past. Who wouldn't want to end a long day of paddleball and boogie boarding by being submerged in a thick cloud of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane?
Beach and clouds
"Early arrivals among the 60,000 visitors at Jones Beach State Park here today found themselves suddenly enveloped in billowing clouds of sweetish smelling fumes," the paper reported. "The fumes do not cause harm or discomfort to human beings." Those early tests were considered a success, with insects eliminated at a cost of just 17 cents an acre.
Today, of course, DDT is banned for agricultural use (starting in 1972) due to its harmful environmental effects (though in some cases it's still used to control mosquito populations in some African countries). But one thing is certain: You won't be coated in it when you're visiting the beach one last time this summer.
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While beach trips are an ingrained part of our culture for summer, they are a recent development compared to our winter activities. Skis were actually invented before the wheel and records of snowmen have been found that date back as early as 1380 A.D. While the ways people enjoy winter have not changed all that much, its fashion is always evolving.
June Gloom is a California term for a weather pattern that results in cloudy, overcast skies with cool temperatures during the late spring and early summer. While it is most common in the month of June, it can occur in surrounding months, giving rise to other colloquialisms, such as "May Gray", "No-Sky July", and "Fogust". Low-altitude stratus clouds form over the cool water of the California Current, and spread overnight into the coastal regions of California.
A typical June Gloom morning consists of marine stratus clouds covering the coast of southern California, extending a varying distance inland depending on the strength of the June Gloom effect that day. On a strong June Gloom day, the clouds and fog may cover the San Francisco Bay Area, penetrate far inland down valleys such as the Salinas Valley in central California, or extend into the Inland Empire of southern California. It's not uncommon for the layer to persist into the mid-afternoon or evening.
The clouds, which are formed by the marine layer, move in at night, usually after midnight, and typically dissipate in the late morning, giving way to clear, sunny skies. During a heavy June Gloom season, the condition may persist into the afternoon, or even all day during an exceptionally strong event. Often, the air is saturated with moisture, and fog also develops, along with frequent light mist and occasional drizzle. Fog and drizzle normally are found near the furthest inland extent of the gloom, where the cloud deck is closest to the ground.
By late morning to early afternoon, solar heating usually is sufficient to evaporate the clouds, and the sun emerges. The phenomenon forms earliest and lasts longest at the coast, with weaker effects as it moves further inland. When the marine layer is strong and deep, clouds can fill the Los Angeles Basin and spill over into the San Fernando Valley and San Gabriel Valley, even extending into the Santa Clarita Valley and Inland Empire on exceptionally strong June Gloom mornings. If conditions are not as strong, the Basin may be filled while the valleys may be clear. It is not uncommon for motorists to drive over the Sepulveda Pass from the clear, sunny San Fernando Valley and plunge into a cloudy, fog-filled Los Angeles. On a weak June Gloom morning, the clouds and fog may only be present within a mile or two of the coastline, affecting only the beach cities.
In the early 20th century, this phenomenon was sometimes known as the high fog. A long June Gloom season, extending late into the summer, is known as Summer Bummer. The negative effects of a long June Gloom on the coastal California tourism industry is often reported in the local news media. The phenomenon can be especially disorienting to visitors from inland areas who, coming from the summer heat, would not expect cool temperatures and clouds and fog at the beach.
The low-altitude stratus clouds that make up the June Gloom cloud layer form over the nearby ocean, and are transported over the coastal areas by the region's prevailing westerly winds. The sheet-like stratus clouds are almost uniformly horizontal, covering large areas but having relatively shallow depth of 500 to 2,000 metres (1,600 to 6,600 ft). These clouds begin to form when wind mixes moisture from the ocean surface into the air. The air cools and expands as it is mixed and moves upward, and this cooling increases the relative humidity. When the relative humidity reaches 100%, the water vapor condenses into liquid water droplets and the clouds begin to form. The stable top of the marine layer, a result of the temperature inversion, prevents any dry, warm air from above the inversion from mixing with the stratus deck. This confines the stratus deck to a relatively narrow vertical band in the atmosphere, allowing it to strengthen.
Once this marine layer has formed, the prevailing westerly winds advect the clouds over the coastal lands. The extent of inland advection is limited by southern California's coastal mountain ranges. The winds will continue to push the cloud layer onshore until they encounter mountains at or above the altitude of the clouds themselves, with the mountains then preventing any further inland progress of the marine layer. The foothill regions of these mountains experience some of the thickest fog and drizzle, as they are essentially in the clouds at this point.
The marine layer clouds of a June Gloom day usually are at their maximum at dawn, when the surface air is at a minimum temperature and the temperature difference in the inversion layer is at its maximum. The air beneath the inversion base being at its coolest also makes it likely that it will be saturated with a relative humidity of 100%.
A sea breeze, which is caused by the temperature and pressure difference between warm areas inland and the cool air over the ocean, often develops on warm summer days as well, increasing the on-shore flow pattern and maintaining a constant flow of marine stratus clouds onto the coastal areas.
While many parts of the world commonly have an offshore marine layer of stratus or stratocumulus clouds, other locations matching the daily and seasonal effects of Southern California's June Gloom are relatively rare. These include the western coast of Peru, the Macaronesian Islands, the western coasts of Morocco and Portugal, and Namibia in southern Africa.
Researchers have discovered that the cloud fields forming June Gloom and related phenomena from other west-coast marine-influenced climates are excellent places to find and study actinoform clouds. These clouds have been found to be present more often than expected in common stratocumulus layers. These clouds are persistent year-round off the coast, but are only drawn inland during June Gloom events and related phenomena elsewhere in the world. Observations suggest that when marine stratus is present alone, drizzle is minimized. However, scientists believe that the presence of actinoform clouds within the marine stratus is indicative of an increase in drizzle and the onset of precipitation. Observation and computer modeling have shown that the shape of the cloud fields actually rearrange themselves when the clouds start to rain.
Even the most intricately folded, standard bath towel still takes up more room than the XL towel. The XL towel replaced a large, woven blanket that I would have to tie up like a yoga mat and shove between the straps of my backpack to carry to the park, turning me into a human bumper car every weekend. Thankfully for me and other parkgoers, you can easily fit two of the XL large towels into a large backpack or beach bag (even if they were folded poorly and hastily shoved into your bag) and still have room for other items.
HGTV.com editor Jessica Yonker took an XL Sand Cloud beach towel to the test at her local park. Sand Cloud towels are quick-drying, sand- and grime-resistant and fold up easily into any bag or backpack.
The real test was a long, windy day at the beach nearly a month later, when my towel basically got buried in the sand from frequent roundtrips to the ocean back to the towel, accidentally getting stepped on and when we buried my friend in the sand right next to it. And though it needed a little more force, the sand really did glide off it.
Ready for a retreat? This lovely guest house has everything you need to enjoy yourself in a compact and convenient space within walking distance of the beach! Enjoy a lovely patio with a view, just past the living room through a set of glass doors. Central air conditioning will keep everyone cool inside. Rinse off in a tiled standalone shower in the full bathroom, all decorated in a classic beach style. But you can rinse off the sand from the beach directly out in the outdoor shower! Don't let the space fool you - there's a private washer/dryer and a fully equipped kitchen for your stay. In addition to everything at the guest house, guests can enjoy access to a shared pool and tennis court during their stay. This 30-A retreat is truly set up with all you need!
What's nearby:The beach is just a short walk down Gulfcrest Lane. Check out Pier Park, with a variety of shops and restaurants, just under eight miles away! If you need to grab a few necessities, the property is a quarter-mile away from grocery stores like Publix, Win Dixie, and CVS pharmacy. The Skywheel Panama City Beach offers fantastic views of the Gulf. Guests who brought their clubs will appreciate being just under 10 miles from the Holiday Golf Club. Camp Helen State Park lies just two-and-a-half miles away and offers plenty of space for swimming, fishing, and other beach fun.